Museum of Terramara Santa Rosa of Poviglio

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In order to get a closer look at how an ancient terramara village, dating back to the prehistoric world, was constituted, one must go to the Museum of Terramara Santa Rosa in Poviglio (RE). 
Here are exhibited the most significant materials to illustrate the economy and life of the terramaricolo village, which came to light during the numerous excavation campaigns.

From what is defined as the "small village", ceramic materials have been recovered, cups and bowls decorated with the horned handles typical of this civilization, spindle whorls and loom weights, flint tools such as arrowheads or stone tools for millstones and grinders, as well as objects for personal adornment made from deer antlers.

In the "big village" about 5 hectares wide and dating back to XIV sec. a. to. B.C., delimited by a moat and a double palisade, numerous objects in bronze (daggers, pins, awls) and workings of bone and horn have been found. 
Of extraordinary workmanship are some horn pins with a bird's head termination; these, like the amber and glass paste beads, were certainly reserved for a few individuals belonging to an elite. 
The materials of this phase are dated between the end of the Middle Bronze Age and the first part of the Recent Bronze Age (second half of the 14th century - beginning of the 13th century B.C.).

In a small area several small clay horses and two models of a wheel have been found, probably representing, in modest material, the myth of the solar chariot, already documented in Europe in the Bronze Age.

Not far from the settlement a small necropolis was found with 4 burials by incineration, the only funeral rite practiced by the terramanic communities south of the Po.

Last update 11/12/2021

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