Viscontea Fortress of Castell'Arquato

Nature
Culture

Viscontea Fortress of Castell'Arquato

Built for an initiative sponsored by Piacenza City in 1342, The Fortress was reinforced and finished by Luchino Visconti in 1347.
It is an impressive building made by bricks, with a defensive nature in a strategic and dominant position on the surronding valley.
In addition the hight tower, soaring on the square, was a defence tool from the enemies and a tools for controlling the citizens.

The Fortress, build on a old roman set up (called Castrum Quadratum), presents a unusual shape.

The building is surronding by a double wall: the smallest, but the largest, covers the two levels, where the soldiers are used to live and where, in case of emergency, the citizens could found a safe place; the highest wall, perpendicular to the other, was reservated to the command of the garrison.

The hight tower, the best observation point, was build for a defence and military goal and wasn't a residential place.
In XIX and XX centuries, until 1960, the Fortress was a prison.

In 1985 in Castell'Arquato were set a lot of different scenes of the film "Ladyhawke" with Michelle Pfeiffer, Rutger Hauer and Mettew Broderick.

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